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Instantiates the Inception v3 architecture.


  include_top = TRUE,
  weights = "imagenet",
  input_tensor = NULL,
  input_shape = NULL,
  pooling = NULL,
  classes = 1000L,
  classifier_activation = "softmax"



Boolean, whether to include the fully-connected layer at the top, as the last layer of the network. Defaults to TRUE.


One of NULL (random initialization), imagenet (pre-training on ImageNet), or the path to the weights file to be loaded. Defaults to "imagenet".


Optional Keras tensor (i.e. output of layers.Input()) to use as image input for the model. input_tensor is useful for sharing inputs between multiple different networks. Defaults to NULL.


Optional shape tuple, only to be specified if include_top is FALSE (otherwise the input shape has to be (299, 299, 3) (with channels_last data format) or (3, 299, 299) (with channels_first data format). It should have exactly 3 inputs channels, and width and height should be no smaller than 75. E.g. (150, 150, 3) would be one valid value. input_shape will be ignored if the input_tensor is provided.


Optional pooling mode for feature extraction when include_top is FALSE.

  • NULL (default) means that the output of the model will be the 4D tensor output of the last convolutional block.

  • avg means that global average pooling will be applied to the output of the last convolutional block, and thus the output of the model will be a 2D tensor.

  • max means that global max pooling will be applied.


optional number of classes to classify images into, only to be specified if include_top is TRUE, and if no weights argument is specified. Defaults to 1000.


A str or callable. The activation function to use on the "top" layer. Ignored unless include_top=TRUE. Set classifier_activation=NULL to return the logits of the "top" layer. When loading pretrained weights, classifier_activation can only be NULL or "softmax".


A model instance.


This function returns a Keras image classification model, optionally loaded with weights pre-trained on ImageNet.

For image classification use cases, see this page for detailed examples.

For transfer learning use cases, make sure to read the guide to transfer learning & fine-tuning.


Each Keras Application expects a specific kind of input preprocessing. For InceptionV3, call application_preprocess_inputs() on your inputs before passing them to the model. application_preprocess_inputs() will scale input pixels between -1 and 1.